CLERMONT-FERRAND, France—Michelin has detailed plans to incorporate Radio Frequency Identification chips into all its car tires by 2023.
In a statement issued Dec. 10, the tire maker said it believed RFID technology was a cost-effective way of tracking tires "from cradle to grave," adding it would be a significant contributor to predictive maintenance services. Michelin also expects the technology to enhance driver safety by allowing advanced driver assistance systems to fine tune responses according to specific tire characteristics.
At the end of a tire's life, Michelin noted, the technology could be used to improve recycling rates, allow proof of recycling and increase the efficiency of energy recovery programs.
Dealers and workshops will also benefit from the knowhow as exact tire identification and data will be easily accessible, reducing fitting errors and helping with stock control.
Michelin said it is working with car manufacturers to develop algorithms that could pave the way for new advances as cars become more connected.
"Since RFID technology ensures this exact tire identification, it is conceivable in the future that drivers will see a tire status display next to their fuel gauge," said Michael Ewert, vice president of global sales for original equipment at Michelin.
The technology, Ewert said, makes many new business models possible and can increase safety when driving.
"We are convinced it represents a significant step forward in the tire industry," he added.
As part of the move, Michelin expects up to 15 million chips a year to be encased in rubber at its Homburg plant in western Germany. The chips are then installed in new tires on site or shipped to other factories in Europe, China, Thailand and Brazil.