WASHINGTON—In the first three weeks of his administration, President Donald Trump issued 23 executive orders. Among these were:
• Freezing all federal regulations pending approval by the Trump administration;
• Ordering regulatory agencies to identify two regulations to repeal for every one they promulgate;
• Canceling the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a trade agreement the Obama administration negotiated with 11 other Pacific countries;
• Allowing the Department of Health and Human Services and other agencies to waive or delay the implementation of any Affordable Care Act provisions they deemed as imposing a financial burden on states or individuals;
• Expediting environmental reviews on high-priority infrastructure projects;
• Temporarily suspending the entry into the U.S. of all "immigrants and non-immigrants" from Iraq, Iran, Libya, Sudan, Yemen, Somalia and Syria, though this order has faced legal hurdles;
• Instructing the Commerce Department to contact stakeholders to review the impact of federal regulations on domestic manufacturing; and
• Announcing a "get-tough" policy on immigration, including the prioritization of undocumented immigrants for expulsion from the U.S.; hiring 10,000 new immigration officers; and denying federal funding to cities that designate themselves as "sanctuary cities."
These orders are in addition to Trump's previously announced plans to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act; to enact a trillion-dollar infrastructure improvement program; to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement; and to charge high taxes and tariffs on goods imported from Mexico and from other countries.
Officials from the tire and rubber industries and allied sectors—including general manufacturing, scientific and small business associations—have varied reactions to Trump's orders and announced policies, ranging from apprehension to enthusiasm.
For example, the National Federation of Independent Business said its survey of small business optimism reached its highest level in January 2017 since December 2004.
"We've had very low growth for years, mainly because small businesses have been tied down by regulations, taxes, and spiraling health insurance costs," NFIB President and CEO Juanita Duggan said in announcing the survey results. "Now they can see relief on the horizon, and they are much more optimistic about the future."
On the other hand, the Alliance for American Manufacturing said it plans to hold Trump accountable for his promises to bring manufacturing jobs back to the U.S.