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Vail Rubber to add manufacturing plant
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ST. JOSEPH, Minn.—Vail Rubber Works Inc. is growing its presence with a new manufacturing facility located about five miles up the road from its headquarters.The roll covering manufacturer...
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ST. JOSEPH, Minn.—Vail Rubber Works is growing its presence with a new manufacturing facility located about five miles up the road from its headquarters. ST. JOSEPH, Minn.—Vail Rubber Works is growing its presence with a new manufacturing facility located about five miles up the road from its headquarters. $ST. JOSEPH, Minn.—Vail Rubber Works is growing its presence with a new manufacturing facility located about five miles up the road from its headquarters.
Auto makers outline the key to healthy supplier relationships
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Trust and communication are the foundation of a strong relationship, and the auto maker/supplier dynamic is no different.Original equipment manufacturers that foster clear, open communication are...
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Trust and communication are the foundation of a strong relationship, and the auto maker/supplier dynamic is no different. Original equipment manufacturers that foster clear, open communication are rewarded with an energized supply base, and that in turn leads to success. Trust and communication are the foundation of a strong relationship, and the auto maker/supplier dynamic is no different. Original equipment manufacturers that foster clear, open communication are rewarded with an energized supply base, and that in turn leads to success. $Trust and communication are the foundation of a strong relationship, and the auto maker/supplier dynamic is no different. Original equipment manufacturers that foster clear, open communication are rewarded with an energized supply base, and that in turn leads to success.
Aptiv firms up its autonomous vehicle technology ambitions in China
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TROY, Mich.—Global supplier Aptiv P.L.C. is securing a foothold for its self-driving technology in what may be the world's most lucrative autonomous vehicle market. The company, whose North ...
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TROY, Mich.—Global supplier Aptiv is securing a foothold for its self-driving technology in what may be the world's most lucrative autonomous vehicle market. TROY, Mich.—Global supplier Aptiv is securing a foothold for its self-driving technology in what may be the world's most lucrative autonomous vehicle market. $TROY, Mich.—Global supplier Aptiv is securing a foothold for its self-driving technology in what may be the world's most lucrative autonomous vehicle market.
Manufacturing 4.0 brings opportunities, challenges for automotive suppliers
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NOVI, Mich.—As manufacturers move toward a more automated future, there are plenty of questions to work through, and a plethora of opportunities for those that can. Automation, machine...
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NOVI, Mich.—As manufacturers move toward a more automated future, there are plenty of questions to work through, and a plethora of opportunities for those that can. NOVI, Mich.—As manufacturers move toward a more automated future, there are plenty of questions to work through, and a plethora of opportunities for those that can. $ NOVI, Mich.—As manufacturers move toward a more automated future, there are plenty of questions to work through, and a plethora of opportunities for those that can.
Will import duties cause shortage of TBR tires?
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AKRON—Will the newly imposed countervailing and antidumping import duty orders on truck and bus tires from China lead to shortages of tires and/or rising prices? That scenario seems to be...
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AKRON—Will the newly imposed countervailing and antidumping import duty orders on truck and bus tires from China lead to shortages of tires and/or rising prices? AKRON—Will the newly imposed countervailing and antidumping import duty orders on truck and bus tires from China lead to shortages of tires and/or rising prices? $AKRON—Will the newly imposed countervailing and antidumping import duty orders on truck and bus tires from China lead to shortages of tires and/or rising prices?
Trelleborg opens new combined manufacturing site
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AURORA, Ohio—Trelleborg Sealing Profiles U.S. Inc. welcomed visitors to a grand opening of its new 156,250-sq.-ft. manufacturing facility in Aurora. The new site brings three manufacturing...
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AURORA, Ohio—Trelleborg Sealing Profiles U.S. welcomed visitors to a grand opening of its new 156,250-sq.-ft. manufacturing facility in Aurora. AURORA, Ohio—Trelleborg Sealing Profiles U.S. welcomed visitors to a grand opening of its new 156,250-sq.-ft. manufacturing facility in Aurora. $AURORA, Ohio—Trelleborg Sealing Profiles U.S. welcomed visitors to a grand opening of its new 156,250-sq.-ft. manufacturing facility in Aurora.
Pirelli sees demand for noise canceling tire system
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NEW YORK—As cars have gotten quieter, calls for Pirelli C. & S.p.A.'s noise canceling tire system have gotten louder.The Pirelli Noise Canceling System, meant to reduce noise between...
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NEW YORK—As cars have gotten quieter, calls for Pirelli's noise canceling tire system have gotten louder. NEW YORK—As cars have gotten quieter, calls for Pirelli's noise canceling tire system have gotten louder. $NEW YORK—As cars have gotten quieter, calls for Pirelli's noise canceling tire system have gotten louder.
Giti planning to reinvigorate GT Radial brand in North America
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RICHBURG, S.C.—As the new kid in the North American manufacturing neighborhood, Giti Tire Manufacturing (USA) Ltd. has ambitious plans to make its mark in the regional tire market. Since...
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RICHBURG, S.C.—As the new kid in the North American manufacturing neighborhood, Giti Tire Manufacturing (USA) Ltd. has ambitious plans to make its mark in the regional tire market. RICHBURG, S.C.—As the new kid in the North American manufacturing neighborhood, Giti Tire Manufacturing (USA) Ltd. has ambitious plans to make its mark in the regional tire market. $RICHBURG, S.C.—As the new kid in the North American manufacturing neighborhood, Giti Tire Manufacturing (USA) Ltd. has ambitious plans to make its mark in the regional tire market.
Dana becomes lead investor in Hyliion
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MAUMEE, Ohio—Dana Inc., like many automotive suppliers, is being proactive about the change it sees on the horizon. Electrification is driving the automotive suppliers to partner with new...
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MAUMEE, Ohio—Dana Inc., like many automotive suppliers, is being proactive about the change it sees on the horizon. MAUMEE, Ohio—Dana Inc., like many automotive suppliers, is being proactive about the change it sees on the horizon. $MAUMEE, Ohio—Dana Inc., like many automotive suppliers, is being proactive about the change it sees on the horizon.
Bridgestone wins design intellectual property case in China
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TOKYO—Bridgestone Corp. is claiming a win in a 3-year-old design-rights infringement lawsuit against Chinese tire maker Shengtai Group. The lawsuit claimed that Shengtai Group used a truck...
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TOKYO—Bridgestone is claiming a win in a 3-year-old design-rights infringement lawsuit against Chinese tire maker Shengtai Group. TOKYO—Bridgestone is claiming a win in a 3-year-old design-rights infringement lawsuit against Chinese tire maker Shengtai Group. $TOKYO—Bridgestone is claiming a win in a 3-year-old design-rights infringement lawsuit against Chinese tire maker Shengtai Group.
Digital Edition
Digital Edition
Published on January 1, 2002

A Universal Method of Calibration Using Flame Ionization Detectors for Liquid Permeation

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Date Published January 1, 2002
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This Report has been authored by:A.C. Barber at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex #with# K.G. Suddaby at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex #with# C.C. McDowell at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex

This paper demonstrates the utility of a universal calibration approach for liquid permeation testing using flame ionization detectors. ASTM F 739 is a well-known method for determining the resistance of gloves and other protective clothing materials to permeation by liquids under conditions of continuous contact. Due to the wide array of chemicals that workers can be exposed to, there is great interest in permeation data for hundreds of different chemicals. The flame ionization detector (FID), considered to be one of the most universal detectors, is a logical choice for analyzing various types of organic compounds. The universal calibration method proposed in this paper relies on the principal that the number of ionic intermediates produced as a result of an organic sample being pyrolyzed is nearly proportional to the number of carbon atoms in the sample. To verify this calibration method for a wide range of conditions, systematic experiments have been carried out to study the effect of flow rate of the calibration gas, the independence of functional groups such as alcohols, amines, and halogens, and the effect of detector optimization on linearity. 
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