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NewAge goes green with zero waste
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SOUTHAMPTON, Pa.—NewAge Industries recently celebrated a significant green achievement: It's now a zero-waste organization. All waste is reused, recycled or disposed of by combustion at a...
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SOUTHAMPTON, Pa.—NewAge Industries recently celebrated a significant green achievement: It's now a zero-waste organization. SOUTHAMPTON, Pa.—NewAge Industries recently celebrated a significant green achievement: It's now a zero-waste organization. $SOUTHAMPTON, Pa.—NewAge Industries recently celebrated a significant green achievement: It's now a zero-waste organization.
Santoprene still growing after 40 years
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HOUSTON—Forty years after its introduction, Santoprene thermoplastic vulcanizate is growing faster than ever, claiming about 45 percent of the world's TPV market. There are many reasons for ...
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HOUSTON—Forty years after its introduction, Santoprene thermoplastic vulcanizate is growing faster than ever, claiming about 45 percent of the world's TPV market. HOUSTON—Forty years after its introduction, Santoprene thermoplastic vulcanizate is growing faster than ever, claiming about 45 percent of the world's TPV market. $ HOUSTON—Forty years after its introduction, Santoprene thermoplastic vulcanizate is growing faster than ever, claiming about 45 percent of the world's TPV market.
Nexen breaks ground on Ohio technical center
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RICHFIELD, Ohio—Nexen Tire Corp.'s technical presence in the U.S. is about to get significantly bigger.The firm broke ground on its 34,000-sq.-ft. technical center in Richfield on Oct. 17,...
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RICHFIELD, Ohio—Nexen Tire's technical presence in the U.S. is about to get significantly bigger. RICHFIELD, Ohio—Nexen Tire's technical presence in the U.S. is about to get significantly bigger. $RICHFIELD, Ohio—Nexen Tire's technical presence in the U.S. is about to get significantly bigger.
Wacky World of Rubber: Follow the bouncing ball
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The science of rubber can take a lot of shapes. Sometimes, it can be a ball, both figuratively and literally. Alliance Rubber Co. in Hot Springs, Ark., is partnering with the Mid-America Science...
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The science of rubber can take a lot of shapes. Sometimes, it can be a ball, both figuratively and literally. The science of rubber can take a lot of shapes. Sometimes, it can be a ball, both figuratively and literally. $The science of rubber can take a lot of shapes. Sometimes, it can be a ball, both figuratively and literally.
Roembke sees growth from LSR specialization
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OSSIAN, Ind.—Roembke Manufacturing & Design Inc. is seeing growth thanks to its specialization in tooling for liquid silicone rubber injection molders.In September, Roembke opened a 9,...
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OSSIAN, Ind.—Roembke Manufacturing & Design is seeing growth thanks to its specialization in tooling for liquid silicone rubber injection molders. OSSIAN, Ind.—Roembke Manufacturing & Design is seeing growth thanks to its specialization in tooling for liquid silicone rubber injection molders. $OSSIAN, Ind.—Roembke Manufacturing & Design is seeing growth thanks to its specialization in tooling for liquid silicone rubber injection molders.
Hankook opens first U.S. manufacturing plant
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CLARKSVILLE, Tenn.—Hankook Tire America Corp. held a grand opening ceremony Oct. 17 for its first U.S. manufacturing facility. The $800 million plant in Clarksville is expected to bring 1,...
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CLARKSVILLE, Tenn.—Hankook Tire America held the grand opening ceremony for its first U.S. manufacturing facility, an $800 million plant in Clarksville. CLARKSVILLE, Tenn.—Hankook Tire America held the grand opening ceremony for its first U.S. manufacturing facility, an $800 million plant in Clarksville. $CLARKSVILLE, Tenn.—Hankook Tire America held the grand opening ceremony for its first U.S. manufacturing facility, an $800 million plant in Clarksville.
Thermoid strives to build off long history
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DUBLIN, Ohio—The Thermoid brand has been around since 1883, and the team at HBD/Thermoid Inc. is working hard to ensure the venerable name remains a force in today's competitive industrial...
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DUBLIN, Ohio—The Thermoid brand has been around since 1883, and the team at HBD/Thermoid Inc. is working hard to ensure the venerable name remains a force in today's competitive industrial rubber goods business. DUBLIN, Ohio—The Thermoid brand has been around since 1883, and the team at HBD/Thermoid Inc. is working hard to ensure the venerable name remains a force in today's competitive industrial rubber goods business. $ DUBLIN, Ohio—The Thermoid brand has been around since 1883, and the team at HBD/Thermoid Inc. is working hard to ensure the venerable name remains a force in today's competitive industrial rubber goods business.
NAFTA briefing offers little reassurance to business community
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ARLINGTON, Va.—U.S. trade negotiators offered no reassurances during a recent invitation-only briefing for industry and public interest stakeholders that the North American Free Trade...
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ARLINGTON, Va.—U.S. trade negotiators offered no reassurances during a recent invitation-only briefing for industry and public interest stakeholders that the North American Free Trade Agreement would survive increasingly contentious talks. ARLINGTON, Va.—U.S. trade negotiators offered no reassurances during a recent invitation-only briefing for industry and public interest stakeholders that the North American Free Trade Agreement would survive increasingly contentious talks. $ARLINGTON, Va.—U.S. trade negotiators offered no reassurances during a recent invitation-only briefing for industry and public interest stakeholders that the North American Free Trade Agreement would survive increasingly contentious talks.
Continental's U.S. tire plant on schedule for 2019
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CLINTON, Miss.—Site clearing for Continental A.G.'s $1.4 billion commercial truck/bus tire plant near Clinton is nearly finished, which according to the firm keeps the project on schedule to ...
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CLINTON, Miss.—Site clearing for Continental's $1.4 billion commercial truck/bus tire plant near Clinton is nearly finished, which according to the firm keeps the project on schedule to begin tire production by year-end 2019. CLINTON, Miss.—Site clearing for Continental's $1.4 billion commercial truck/bus tire plant near Clinton is nearly finished, which according to the firm keeps the project on schedule to begin tire production by year-end 2019. $CLINTON, Miss.—Site clearing for Continental's $1.4 billion commercial truck/bus tire plant near Clinton is nearly finished, which according to the firm keeps the project on schedule to begin tire production by year-end 2019.
Michelin to double capacity at India manufacturing plant
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CHENNAI, India—Michelin has inaugurated a new production line at its Chennai plant that will help double the current capacity of the facility by 2018, the company said on Oct. 11. The plant ...
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CHENNAI, India—Michelin has inaugurated a new production line at its Chennai plant that will help double the current capacity of the facility by 2018, the company said on Oct. 11. CHENNAI, India—Michelin has inaugurated a new production line at its Chennai plant that will help double the current capacity of the facility by 2018, the company said on Oct. 11. $CHENNAI, India—Michelin has inaugurated a new production line at its Chennai plant that will help double the current capacity of the facility by 2018, the company said on Oct. 11.
Digital Edition
Digital Edition
Published on September 9, 2014

ITEC 2014 Paper 20: Practical Insights on State-of-the-Art Hunter & Shoeshine Pre-validation Fatigue Test Methods for Tire Reinforcement Materials

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Date Published September 9, 2014
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Major improvements on steel or fibre cord & fabrics are required to answer the challenging improvements on tire rolling resistance, performance and manufacturing cost. Because of short time-to-market but also because of the high cost of testing on final tyres, there is a big advantage in being able to test the combination of the rubber and its re-enforcement early in the design process.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Instead of validating the improvements in combination with the rubber just on static tension & peel strength, it is today important to test new materials in conditions that are close to real usage at the lower stresses and high cycling of real usage. Otherwise possibly the optimising method followed could exclude the solutions that are really needed, since in many cases materials & adhesion with high static strength are not performing as well on fatigue in the final application.                                                                                                                    The "bend-over-sheave" or "Shoeshine" test method on single and dual layer reinforced rubber samples is helping the tire designer to validate in an early stage the new materials on dynamic stress-compression under bending in similar conditions as the assumptions of the tire design. Because of the high increase in performance of the reinforcement, the dynamic adhesion of the reinforcement with the rubber is a big issue in this industry. This can also be tested efficiently on dual layer samples, whereby the first degradation generally happens in the lower compression layer.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Especially for the quality assurance of steel wire & cord, the additional "bend-rotation" high speed alternate bending method should be seriously considered. By this method typical failures like surface defects, inclusions & metallurgical deviations are detected while they are not affecting the classical static tensile test results.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Examples will be shown about these tests and about what results can be expected: validation on single & reverse fatigue bending, dynamic cord tension-compression, dynamic adhesion with the rubber, early warning stop to be able to observe the reason of the start of the degradation, comparison of constructions on sample heat generation.  Presented by Philippe van Bogaert, Founder, Bogimac.

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