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Editorial: Auto groups make case for NAFTA
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Fighting back against free trade was one of the rallying cries that candidate Donald Trump used to fire up his base on the campaign trail.But now it seems the U.S. automotive industry will do its...
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The U.S. automotive industry will do its best to give President Donald Trump an education on why withdrawing from the North American Free Trade Agreement would be a mistake. The U.S. automotive industry will do its best to give President Donald Trump an education on why withdrawing from the North American Free Trade Agreement would be a mistake. $The U.S. automotive industry will do its best to give President Donald Trump an education on why withdrawing from the North American Free Trade Agreement would be a mistake.
Momentive strike ends, new contract ratified
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WATERFORD, N.Y.—Three union locals representing workers at two Momentive Performance Materials Inc. facilities have ratified a new contract, ending a more than three-month strike at the...
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WATERFORD, N.Y.—Three union locals representing workers at two Momentive facilities have ratified a new contract, ending a more than three-month strike at the Waterford plant. WATERFORD, N.Y.—Three union locals representing workers at two Momentive facilities have ratified a new contract, ending a more than three-month strike at the Waterford plant. $WATERFORD, N.Y.—Three union locals representing workers at two Momentive facilities have ratified a new contract, ending a more than three-month strike at the Waterford plant.
Bridgestone focusing efforts around consumers
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LOS ANGELES—In 2017 Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations is going to focus on the boss.No, not the rocker Bruce Springsteen, the consumer—specifically the tire consumer. Gordon Knapp,...
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LOS ANGELES—In 2017 Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations is going to focus on the boss, specifically the tire consumer. LOS ANGELES—In 2017 Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations is going to focus on the boss, specifically the tire consumer. $LOS ANGELES—In 2017 Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations is going to focus on the boss, specifically the tire consumer.
Semperit, Shaw establish entity in U.S.
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ATLANTA—Semperit A.G.'s Sempertrans conveyor belt business and Shaw Almex Industries Ltd. have stepped up their activities in North America with the addition of a new entity, Sempertrans USA ...
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ATLANTA—Semperit's Sempertrans conveyor belt business and Shaw Almex Industries have stepped up their activities in North America. ATLANTA—Semperit's Sempertrans conveyor belt business and Shaw Almex Industries have stepped up their activities in North America. $ ATLANTA—Semperit's Sempertrans conveyor belt business and Shaw Almex Industries have stepped up their activities in North America.
Carbon black firm gets bold new name, facility
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BOULDER, Colo.—Boulder-based Waste to Energy Partners, a waste conversion company that specializes in converting end-of-life tires into carbon black, has changed its name to Bolder...
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BOULDER, Colo.—Boulder-based Waste to Energy Partners, a waste conversion company that specializes in converting end-of-life tires into carbon black, has changed its name. BOULDER, Colo.—Boulder-based Waste to Energy Partners, a waste conversion company that specializes in converting end-of-life tires into carbon black, has changed its name. $BOULDER, Colo.—Boulder-based Waste to Energy Partners, a waste conversion company that specializes in converting end-of-life tires into carbon black, has changed its name.
Hankook plans to grow in North America
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SAN JOSE DEL CABO, Mexico—Hankook Tire America Corp. plans to step up its North American marketing efforts in 2017 as part of a strategy to grow in a marketplace that looks to remain...
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SAN JOSE DEL CABO, Mexico—Hankook plans to step up its North American marketing efforts in 2017 as part of a strategy to grow in a marketplace that looks to remain relatively flat. SAN JOSE DEL CABO, Mexico—Hankook plans to step up its North American marketing efforts in 2017 as part of a strategy to grow in a marketplace that looks to remain relatively flat. $SAN JOSE DEL CABO, Mexico—Hankook plans to step up its North American marketing efforts in 2017 as part of a strategy to grow in a marketplace that looks to remain relatively flat.
Conti picks Thailand for facility
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RAYONG, Thailand—Continental A.G. has chosen a site in Rayong to construct a car and light truck tire manufacturing plant.The operation is projected to be operational by 2019. Continental...
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RAYONG, Thailand—Continental has chosen a site in Rayong to construct a car and light truck tire manufacturing plant. RAYONG, Thailand—Continental has chosen a site in Rayong to construct a car and light truck tire manufacturing plant. $RAYONG, Thailand—Continental has chosen a site in Rayong to construct a car and light truck tire manufacturing plant.
Goodyear reaches $1.75 million settlement for Danville workplace deaths
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DANVILLE, Va.—Goodyear has reached a joint settlement with the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry's Virginia Occupational Safety and Health program in connection with VOSH's...
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DANVILLE, Va.—Goodyear has reached a joint settlement with the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry's Virginia Occupational Safety and Health program in connection with four fatal accidents at its Danville plant during a one-year period. DANVILLE, Va.—Goodyear has reached a joint settlement with the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry's Virginia Occupational Safety and Health program in connection with four fatal accidents at its Danville plant during a one-year period. $DANVILLE, Va.—Goodyear has reached a joint settlement with the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry's Virginia Occupational Safety and Health program in connection with four fatal accidents at its Danville plant during a one-year period.
Cooper Tire ambassadors look to inspire students
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Cooper Tire & Rubber Co., like many companies in the rubber industry, is trying to find ways to develop its talent pipeline. It realized that to do so, manufacturing needs to have a voice...
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Cooper Tire, like many companies in the rubber industry, is trying to find ways to develop its talent pipeline. It realized that to do so, manufacturing needs to have a voice early on in a child's education. Cooper Tire, like many companies in the rubber industry, is trying to find ways to develop its talent pipeline. It realized that to do so, manufacturing needs to have a voice early on in a child's education. $Cooper Tire, like many companies in the rubber industry, is trying to find ways to develop its talent pipeline. It realized that to do so, manufacturing needs to have a voice early on in a child's education.
PTG Silicones focuses on automated molding
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NEW ALBANY, Ind.—PTG Silicones Inc. is a lean, mean, automated machine.And that's just the way President Brendan Cahill likes it.The firm, approaching its 10-year anniversary, remains small ...
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NEW ALBANY, Ind.—PTG Silicones is a lean, mean, automated machine. And that's just the way President Brendan Cahill likes it. NEW ALBANY, Ind.—PTG Silicones is a lean, mean, automated machine. And that's just the way President Brendan Cahill likes it. $NEW ALBANY, Ind.—PTG Silicones is a lean, mean, automated machine. And that's just the way President Brendan Cahill likes it.
Digital Edition
Digital Edition
Published on January 1, 2002

A Universal Method of Calibration Using Flame Ionization Detectors for Liquid Permeation

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Date Published January 1, 2002
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This Report has been authored by:A.C. Barber at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex #with# K.G. Suddaby at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex #with# C.C. McDowell at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex

This paper demonstrates the utility of a universal calibration approach for liquid permeation testing using flame ionization detectors. ASTM F 739 is a well-known method for determining the resistance of gloves and other protective clothing materials to permeation by liquids under conditions of continuous contact. Due to the wide array of chemicals that workers can be exposed to, there is great interest in permeation data for hundreds of different chemicals. The flame ionization detector (FID), considered to be one of the most universal detectors, is a logical choice for analyzing various types of organic compounds. The universal calibration method proposed in this paper relies on the principal that the number of ionic intermediates produced as a result of an organic sample being pyrolyzed is nearly proportional to the number of carbon atoms in the sample. To verify this calibration method for a wide range of conditions, systematic experiments have been carried out to study the effect of flow rate of the calibration gas, the independence of functional groups such as alcohols, amines, and halogens, and the effect of detector optimization on linearity.