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Changed vote makes difference in ITC decision
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WASHINGTON—The shift of one vote caused the International Trade Commission to make a final determination that the U.S. truck and bus tire manufacturing industry is not being materially...
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WASHINGTON—The shift of one vote caused the International Trade Commission to make a final determination that the U.S. truck and bus tire manufacturing industry is not being materially injured because of imports from China. WASHINGTON—The shift of one vote caused the International Trade Commission to make a final determination that the U.S. truck and bus tire manufacturing industry is not being materially injured because of imports from China. $WASHINGTON—The shift of one vote caused the International Trade Commission to make a final determination that the U.S. truck and bus tire manufacturing industry is not being materially injured because of imports from China.
Goodyear, Cooper Tire employees honored with STEP Ahead awards
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AKRON—The Manufacturing Institute will honor five women who work for Goodyear and Cooper Tire & Rubber Co. at its upcoming Women in Manufacturing STEP (Science, Technology, Engineering...
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AKRON—The Manufacturing Institute will honor five women who work for Goodyear and Cooper at its upcoming Women in Manufacturing STEP (Science, Technology, Engineering and Production) Ahead Awards. AKRON—The Manufacturing Institute will honor five women who work for Goodyear and Cooper at its upcoming Women in Manufacturing STEP (Science, Technology, Engineering and Production) Ahead Awards. $AKRON—The Manufacturing Institute will honor five women who work for Goodyear and Cooper at its upcoming Women in Manufacturing STEP (Science, Technology, Engineering and Production) Ahead Awards.
James Walker to unveil new elastomer family
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CHESHIRE, England—A sealing products manufacturer from the United Kingdom is ready to release a new family of elastomers it will use in its goods to meet the ever-increasing demands of the...
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CHESHIRE, England—A sealing products manufacturer from the United Kingdom is ready to release a new family of elastomers it will use in its goods to meet the ever-increasing demands of the oil and gas industry. CHESHIRE, England—A sealing products manufacturer from the United Kingdom is ready to release a new family of elastomers it will use in its goods to meet the ever-increasing demands of the oil and gas industry. $CHESHIRE, England—A sealing products manufacturer from the United Kingdom is ready to release a new family of elastomers it will use in its goods to meet the ever-increasing demands of the oil and gas industry.
Oil and gas market looking up, but profits hard to come by
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WASHINGTON—This year will be better than 2016 for the oil and gas industry and the rubber and polymer product manufacturers that supply them, according to industry officials and experts....
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WASHINGTON—This year will be better than 2016 for the oil and gas industry and the rubber and polymer product manufacturers that supply them, according to industry officials and experts. WASHINGTON—This year will be better than 2016 for the oil and gas industry and the rubber and polymer product manufacturers that supply them, according to industry officials and experts. $WASHINGTON—This year will be better than 2016 for the oil and gas industry and the rubber and polymer product manufacturers that supply them, according to industry officials and experts.
China slides to No. 2 tire trading partner
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AKRON—Canada replaced China last year as the No. 1 trading partner of the U.S. in tires. The value of China's imports to the U.S.—impacted primarily by the cut in consumer tire...
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AKRON—Canada replaced China last year as the No. 1 trading partner of the U.S. in tires. AKRON—Canada replaced China last year as the No. 1 trading partner of the U.S. in tires. $AKRON—Canada replaced China last year as the No. 1 trading partner of the U.S. in tires.
ITC antidumping decision brings mixed reactions
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As with any decision regarding imported tires and tariffs and duties, there are winners and losers.That certainly is the case following the surprising Feb. 22 decision by the U.S. International...
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As with any decision regarding imported tires and tariffs and duties, there are winners and losers. As with any decision regarding imported tires and tariffs and duties, there are winners and losers. $As with any decision regarding imported tires and tariffs and duties, there are winners and losers.
Henkel, Benteler making composite leaf springs for Volvo
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DUESSELDORF, Germany—Laundry and personal care products-to-reactive polyurethane systems company, Henkel A.G. and automotive composites firm Benteler S.G.L. are supplying polyurethane...
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DUESSELDORF, Germany—Henkel and Benteler are supplying polyurethane composite leaf springs to the Volvo S90 and V90 following their introduction on the XC90 crossover SUV. DUESSELDORF, Germany—Henkel and Benteler are supplying polyurethane composite leaf springs to the Volvo S90 and V90 following their introduction on the XC90 crossover SUV. $DUESSELDORF, Germany—Henkel and Benteler are supplying polyurethane composite leaf springs to the Volvo S90 and V90 following their introduction on the XC90 crossover SUV.
Lubrizol invests to grow medical unit
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ANAHEIM, Calif.—Lubrizol Corp.'s LifeSciences unit has added thermoplastic polyurethane compounding abilities through a partnership with a medical compounder. Compounding Solutions, which...
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ANAHEIM, Calif.—Lubrizol's LifeSciences unit has added thermoplastic polyurethane compounding abilities through a partnership with a medical compounder. ANAHEIM, Calif.—Lubrizol's LifeSciences unit has added thermoplastic polyurethane compounding abilities through a partnership with a medical compounder. $ANAHEIM, Calif.—Lubrizol's LifeSciences unit has added thermoplastic polyurethane compounding abilities through a partnership with a medical compounder.
Doublestar inks Kumho deal, but Park counter-offer looms
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SEOUL, South Korea—China's Qingdao Doublestar Co. said it has signed an agreement with Kumho Tire creditors to buy a 42 percent stake in the South Korean tire maker in a deal that could...
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SEOUL, South Korea—Doublestar said it has signed an agreement with Kumho Tire creditors to buy a 42 percent stake in the South Korean tire maker in a deal that could enable Doublestar to further expand in China. SEOUL, South Korea—Doublestar said it has signed an agreement with Kumho Tire creditors to buy a 42 percent stake in the South Korean tire maker in a deal that could enable Doublestar to further expand in China. $SEOUL, South Korea—Doublestar said it has signed an agreement with Kumho Tire creditors to buy a 42 percent stake in the South Korean tire maker in a deal that could enable Doublestar to further expand in China.
Raumedic ready to chase new U.S. business
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ANAHEIM, Calif.—Raumedic A.G. is poised to make further inroads into the North American market now that it has a manufacturing presence in the region. Its first plant in the U.S., located...
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ANAHEIM, Calif.—Raumedic is poised to make further inroads into the North American market now that it has a manufacturing presence in the region. ANAHEIM, Calif.—Raumedic is poised to make further inroads into the North American market now that it has a manufacturing presence in the region. $ ANAHEIM, Calif.—Raumedic is poised to make further inroads into the North American market now that it has a manufacturing presence in the region.
Digital Edition
Digital Edition
Published on January 1, 2002

A Universal Method of Calibration Using Flame Ionization Detectors for Liquid Permeation

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Date Published January 1, 2002
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This Report has been authored by:A.C. Barber at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex #with# K.G. Suddaby at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex #with# C.C. McDowell at Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex

This paper demonstrates the utility of a universal calibration approach for liquid permeation testing using flame ionization detectors. ASTM F 739 is a well-known method for determining the resistance of gloves and other protective clothing materials to permeation by liquids under conditions of continuous contact. Due to the wide array of chemicals that workers can be exposed to, there is great interest in permeation data for hundreds of different chemicals. The flame ionization detector (FID), considered to be one of the most universal detectors, is a logical choice for analyzing various types of organic compounds. The universal calibration method proposed in this paper relies on the principal that the number of ionic intermediates produced as a result of an organic sample being pyrolyzed is nearly proportional to the number of carbon atoms in the sample. To verify this calibration method for a wide range of conditions, systematic experiments have been carried out to study the effect of flow rate of the calibration gas, the independence of functional groups such as alcohols, amines, and halogens, and the effect of detector optimization on linearity. 
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