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Polyurethane-filled holes improve Wilson's swing
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CHICAGO—Polyurethane is at the heart of the latest generation of Wilson's Distance D300 irons.The new golf clubs incorporate Power Holes, which are through-holes that surround the club's...
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CHICAGO—Polyurethane is at the heart of the latest generation of Wilson's Distance D300 irons. CHICAGO—Polyurethane is at the heart of the latest generation of Wilson's Distance D300 irons. $CHICAGO—Polyurethane is at the heart of the latest generation of Wilson's Distance D300 irons.
Editorial: Two deals show medical to remain a hot business area
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As the rubber industry entered into the new year, it’s clear that the medical industry will remain one of great activity. That was exemplified by two acquisitions closed late in 2016 where...
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As the rubber industry entered into the new year, it's clear that the medical industry will remain one of great activity. As the rubber industry entered into the new year, it's clear that the medical industry will remain one of great activity. $As the rubber industry entered into the new year, it's clear that the medical industry will remain one of great activity.
Withdrawal from NAFTA would cost U.S. jobs, study finds
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DETROIT— President-elect Donald Trump's vows to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and pursue more protectionist trade policies likely would have a negative effect...
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DETROIT— President-elect Donald Trump's vows to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement and pursue more protectionist trade policies likely would have a negative effect on the U.S. auto industry, a new study reveals. DETROIT— President-elect Donald Trump's vows to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement and pursue more protectionist trade policies likely would have a negative effect on the U.S. auto industry, a new study reveals. $DETROIT— President-elect Donald Trump's vows to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement and pursue more protectionist trade policies likely would have a negative effect on the U.S. auto industry, a new study reveals.
Semperit, Sri Trang demerge Thai gloves JV
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VIENNA—Austrian rubber company Semperit A.G. and its Thai partner Sri Trang Angro-Industry P.L.C. have agreed to demerge their Siam Sempermed rubber gloves joint venture, following a series...
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VIENNA—Austrian rubber company Semperit and its Thai partner Sri Trang have agreed to demerge their Siam Sempermed rubber gloves joint venture, following a series of legal disputes between the partners. VIENNA—Austrian rubber company Semperit and its Thai partner Sri Trang have agreed to demerge their Siam Sempermed rubber gloves joint venture, following a series of legal disputes between the partners. $VIENNA—Austrian rubber company Semperit and its Thai partner Sri Trang have agreed to demerge their Siam Sempermed rubber gloves joint venture, following a series of legal disputes between the partners.
Nexen, Toyota Tsusho establish sales JV
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TOKYO—Nexen Tire Corp. has established a sales subsidiary in Japan to handle its growing replacement tire business there, and to reinforce its OE supply relationships with Japanese...
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TOKYO—Nexen has established a sales subsidiary in Japan to handle its growing replacement tire business there, and to reinforce its OE supply relationships with Japanese automobile manufacturers. TOKYO—Nexen has established a sales subsidiary in Japan to handle its growing replacement tire business there, and to reinforce its OE supply relationships with Japanese automobile manufacturers. $TOKYO—Nexen has established a sales subsidiary in Japan to handle its growing replacement tire business there, and to reinforce its OE supply relationships with Japanese automobile manufacturers.
Kanodia sentenced for Cooper-Apollo insider trading scheme
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BOSTON—A Brookline, Mass.-based entrepreneur and private equity investor has been sentenced to 20 months in prison for initiating an insider trading scheme in connection with the failed...
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BOSTON—A Brookline, Mass.-based entrepreneur and private equity investor has been sentenced to 20 months in prison for initiating an insider trading scheme in connection with the failed acquisition of Cooper Tire by Apollo Tyres. BOSTON—A Brookline, Mass.-based entrepreneur and private equity investor has been sentenced to 20 months in prison for initiating an insider trading scheme in connection with the failed acquisition of Cooper Tire by Apollo Tyres. $BOSTON—A Brookline, Mass.-based entrepreneur and private equity investor has been sentenced to 20 months in prison for initiating an insider trading scheme in connection with the failed acquisition of Cooper Tire by Apollo Tyres.
Wacker to add fumed silica plant at Tennessee campus
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CHARLESTON, Tenn.—Wacker Chemie A.G. intends to invest $150 million to establish a new pyrogenic silica facility on the same site as its existing plant in Charleston. Construction is...
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CHARLESTON, Tenn.—Wacker intends to invest $150 million to establish a new pyrogenic silica facility on the same site as its existing plant in Charleston. CHARLESTON, Tenn.—Wacker intends to invest $150 million to establish a new pyrogenic silica facility on the same site as its existing plant in Charleston. $CHARLESTON, Tenn.—Wacker intends to invest $150 million to establish a new pyrogenic silica facility on the same site as its existing plant in Charleston.
Thailand building auto test center to support tire, NR sectors
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BANGKOK—The Thailand Board of Investment plans to invest $100 million to build an automotive testing center that the government views as a "top priority" for supporting the nation's growing ...
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BANGKOK—The Thailand Board of Investment plans to invest $100 million to build an automotive testing center that the government views as a "top priority" for supporting the nation's growing tire and natural rubber industries. BANGKOK—The Thailand Board of Investment plans to invest $100 million to build an automotive testing center that the government views as a "top priority" for supporting the nation's growing tire and natural rubber industries. $BANGKOK—The Thailand Board of Investment plans to invest $100 million to build an automotive testing center that the government views as a "top priority" for supporting the nation's growing tire and natural rubber industries.
Nexteer, Continental to form joint venture
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DETROIT—Nexteer Automotive Corp. and Continental Automotive Systems Inc. will form a joint venture to supply safety systems for autonomous cars.In an announcement Tuesday at the North...
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DETROIT—Nexteer and Continental Automotive Systems will form a joint venture to supply safety systems for autonomous cars. DETROIT—Nexteer and Continental Automotive Systems will form a joint venture to supply safety systems for autonomous cars. $DETROIT—Nexteer and Continental Automotive Systems will form a joint venture to supply safety systems for autonomous cars.
Toyo plans North American expansion
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WHITE, Ga.—Toyo Tire & Rubber Co. Ltd. plans to expand its North American research and development center, setting up a dedicated business development unit for the market. The firm, in...
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WHITE, Ga.—Toyo Tire plans to expand its North American research and development center, setting up a dedicated business development unit for the market. WHITE, Ga.—Toyo Tire plans to expand its North American research and development center, setting up a dedicated business development unit for the market. $WHITE, Ga.—Toyo Tire plans to expand its North American research and development center, setting up a dedicated business development unit for the market.
Digital Edition
Digital Edition
Published on January 1, 2002

Natural Rubber Biodegradation in Soil in Relation to the Waste Disposal of Used Latex Products

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Date Published January 1, 2002
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This Report has been authored by:A. Ikram at Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia #with# Amir Hashim at Rubber Research Institute of Malaysia

Biodegradation was studied by burying natural rubber (NR) latex gloves in tropical soils amended with nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), and in a composting environment created from dried grass clippings, cattle manure and soil. Manipulating soils to favor microbial growth enhanced biodegradation compared to natural attenuation processes in unamended soils. The mean specific degradation rate of NR glove pieces in a high soil neoprene and nitrile remained intact after 40 weeks, while vinyl showed small weight losses due to plasticizer and other additive losses. In a composting environment, biodegradation rates over a 24-week period were twice that compared to the fertilized treatment in soils, suggesting an efficient means of waste disposal. Leachates of accelerator residues from NR gloves undergoing 12-weeks burial in soil lysimeters were however not significant. Soil degradation of NR condoms were slower compared to gloves with 42% of their initial weights remaining after 48 weeks. In contrast, the manufactured polyurethane condoms were hardly biodegradable. The stimulating effect of nutrient application on indigenous soil microbes, the likely effects of accelerators or antioxidant, or of the interactions of modulus and thickness in affecting NR latex product degradation are discussed.